University of Pittsburgh. School of Information Sciences

Department of Library and Information Science

LIBR 248


Arlene G. Taylor

Last updated: October 15, 2005

Course description

Required textbook


Assignment summary

General information

Supplementary Glossary


Agnew, Grace. Online System Migration Guide. Chicago: LITA, ALA, 1996. [Z678.9 .A36 1996]

Anderson, James A. An Introduction to Neural Networks. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1995. [QP363.3 .A534 1995]

Anderson, James D., and José Pérez-Carballo. Information Retrieval Design: Principles and Options for Information Description, Organization, Display, and Access in Information Retrieval Databases, Digital Libraries, Catalogs, and Indexes. St. Petersburg, FL: Ometeca Institute, 2005.

Arms, William Y. Digital libraries. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2000. [Z692.C65 A76 2000]

Berman, Sanford. Joy of Cataloging. Phoenix, Ariz.: Oryx Press, 1981. [q Z693 .B47]

Beyond the Book: Extending MARC for Subject Access. Edited by Toni Petersen and Pat Molholt. Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, 1990. [Z699.4 .M2B48 1990]

Bilal, Dania. Automating Media Centers and Small Libraries: a Microcomputer-Based Approach. 2nd ed. Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited, 2002. [Z678.93 .S6M43 2002]

Borgman, Christine L. From Gutenberg to the Global Information Infrastructure: Access to Information in the Networked World. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2000. [ZA3225.B67 2000]

Bowker, Geoffrey C., and Susan Leigh Star. Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999. [BC175.B68 1999]

Buck, Rebecca A. and Jean Allman Gilmore, eds. The New Museum Registration Methods. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Museums, 1998. [AM139 .N4 1998]

Caplan, Priscilla. Metadata Fundamentals for All Librarians. Chicago, American Library Association, 2003. [Z666.5 .C37 2003]

Cataloging Correctly for Kids: An Introduction to the Tools. Edited by Sharon Zuiderveid. Rev. ed. Chicago: American Library Association, 1991. [Z695.1 C6C37 1991]

Chan, Lois Mai. Cataloging and Classification: an Introduction. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994. [Z693.5 .U6C48 1994]

Chan, Lois Mai. A Guide to the Library of Congress Classification. 5th ed. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1999. [Z696.U4 C47 1999]

Chan, Lois Mai. Library of Congress Subject Headings: Principles and Application. 4th ed. Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited, 2005.

Chan, Lois Mai, and Joan S. Mitchell. Dewey Decimal Classification: Principles and Applications. 3rd ed. Dublin, Ohio: OCLC, 2003.

Cleveland, Donald B., and Ana D. Cleveland. Introduction to Indexing and Abstracting. 3rd ed. Englewood, Colo: Libraries Unlimited, 2001. [Z695.9 .C592 2001]

Crawford, Walt, and Michael Gorman, Future Libraries: Dreams, Madness, & Reality. Chicago: American Library Association, 1995. [Z678 .A4U624 1995]

Dearstyne, B.W., ed. Effective Approaches for Managing Electronic Records and Archives. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2002. [CD974.4 .E38 2002]

Dunkin, Paul S. Cataloging U.S.A. Chicago: American Library Association, 1969. [Z695 .D8]

Electronic Records Management Program Strategies, edited by Margaret Hedstrom. Pittsburgh, PA: Archives and Museum Informatics, 1993. [Z699.5 .A7E44 1993]

Ellis, Judith, ed. Keeping Archives. 2nd ed. Port Melbourne, Australia: Thorpe, in association with the Australian Society of Archivists, 1993. [CD950 .K44 1993]

Evans, G. Edward, Sheila S. Intner, and Jean Weihs. Introduction to Technical Services. 7th ed. Greenwood Village, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 2002.

Fasick, Adele M. Managing Children's Services in the Public Library. 2nd ed. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1998. [Z718.2 U6F37 1998]

Ferguson, Bobby. Cataloging Nonprint Materials: Blitz Cataloging Workbook. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1999.

Ferguson, Bobby. MARC/AACR2/Authority Control Tagging: Blitz Cataloging Workbook. 2nd ed. Englewood, ColoWestport, Conn..: Libraries Unlimited, 2005.

Foskett, A.C. The Subject Approach to Information. 5th ed. London: Library Assocation Publishing, 1996. [Z695 .F66 1996]

Foundations of Cataloging: A Sourcebook. Edited by Michael Carpenter and Elaine Svenonius. Littleton, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1985. [Z693 .F68 1985]

Fritz, Deborah A., and Richard J. Fritz. MARC21 for Everyone: A Practical Guide. Chicago: American Library Association, 2003. [Z699.35.M28 F75 2003]

Gilster, Paul. Digital Literacy. New York: Wiley, 1997. [TK5105.875 .I57 G5297 1997]

Gorman, Michael. The Concise AACR2. 4th ed. Chicago: American Library Association, 2004. [Z694.15 .A56 G67 1999]

Hagler, Ronald. The Bibliographic Record and Information Technology. 3rd ed. Chicago: American Library Association, 1997. [Z699.35 .M28H34 1997]

Harris, Mary Dee. Introduction to Natural Language Processing. Reston, Va.: Reston Pub. Co., 1985. [QA76.9 .I58H37 1985]

Harvey, Ross, and Philip Hider. Organising Knowledge in a Global Society: Principles and Practice in Libraries and Information Centres. Wagga Wagga, NSW, Australia: Centre for Information Studies, 2004.

Hirshon, Arnold, and Barbara Winters. Outsourcing Library Technical Services: a How-to-Do-It Manual for Librarians. New York: Neal-Schuman, 1996. [Z731 .H57 1996]

Hodge, Gail. Systems of Knowledge for Digital Libraries: Beyond Traditional Authority Files. Washington, DC: The Digital Library Federation, Council on Library and Information Resources, 2000. [available for purchase: http://www.clir.org/pubs/abstract/pub91abst.html ]

Hsieh-Yee, Ingrid. Organizing Audiovisual and Electronic Resources for Access: A Cataloging Guide. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 2000. [Z695.615 .H78 2000]

Hudgins, Jean, Grace Agnew, and Elizabeth Brown. Getting Mileage out of Metadata: Applications for the Library. Chicago: American Library Association, 1999. [Z695.24 .H83 1999]

Humbert, de Romans. Regulations for the Operation of a Medieval Library. St. Paul, Minn.: Associates of the James Ford Bell Library, University of Minnesota, 1980. [Z670 .A2H85]

Hunter, Eric J. Classification Made Simple. 2nd ed. Aldershot, England; Brookfield, Vt.: Ashgate, 2002. [Z696.A4 H86 2002]

Intner, Sheila S., and Jean Weihs. Standard Cataloging for School and Public Libraries. 3rd ed. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 2001. [Z693 .I56 2001]

Inventories and Registers: A Handbook of Techniques and Examples. Chicago: Society of American Archivists, 1976. [q CD971 .S6 1976]

Jacsó, Péter, and F. W. Lancaster. Build Your Own Database. Chicago: American Library Association, 1999. [QA76.9.D26 J33 1999]

Jones, Wayne, Judith R. Ahronheim, and Josephine Crawford, eds. Cataloging the Web: Metadata, AACR, and MARC 21. (ALCTS Papers on Library Technical Services and Collections, no. 10.) Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2002. [Z695.24 .C38 2002]

Lakoff, George. Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal about the Mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987. [P37 .L344 1987]

Lancaster, F. W. Indexing and Abstracting in Theory and Practice. 3rd ed. Champaign, Ill.: University of Illinois, Graduate School of Library and Information Science, 2003.

Lancaster, F. W. Vocabulary Control For Information Retrieval. 2nd ed. Arlington, Va.: Information Resources Press, 1986. [Z695 .L25 1986]

Langridge, D. W. Classification: Its Kinds, Elements, Systems and Applications. London: Bowker-Saur, 1992. [Z693 .L14 1992]

Langridge, D. W. Subject Analysis: Principles and Procedures. London: Bowker-Saur, 1989. [Z695 L27 1989]

Lazinger, Susan S. Digital Preservation and Metadata: History, Theory, Practice. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 2001. [Z701.3.C65 L39 2001]

Levy, David M. Scrolling Forward: Making Sense of Documents in the Digital Age. New York: Arcade Publishing, 2001. [P214 .L48 2001]

Malone, Debbie, and Carol Videon, comps. First Year Student Library Instruction Programs. Chicago: College Library Information Packet Committee, College Libraries Section, Association of College and Research Libraries, 2003.

Mann, Thomas. Doing Research at the Library of Congress: A Guide to Subject Searching in a Closed Stacks Library. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, Humanities and Social Sciences Division, 1994. [Z710 .M228 1995]

Mann, Thomas. Library Research Models: A Guide to Classification, Cataloging, and Computers. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. [Z711 .M36 1993]

Marcella, Rita, and Arthur Maltby, eds. The Future of Classification. Aldershot, Eng.; Brookfield, Vt.: Gower, 2000. [Z696.A4 F88 2000]

Marcella, Rita, and Robert Newton. A New Manual of Classification. Aldershot, Eng.; Brookfield, Vt.: Gower, 1994.

Miller, Fredric M. Arranging and Describing Archives and Manuscripts. Chicago: Society of American Archivists, 1990. [Z695.2 .M55 1990]

Mullins, Craig. Database Administration: the Complete Guide to Practices and Procedures. Boston: Addison-Wesley, 2002. [QA76.9.D3 M838 2002]

Olson, Hope A., and John J. Boll. Subject Analysis in Online Catalogs. 2nd ed. Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited, 2001. [Z699.35.S92 A46 2001]

Petroski, Henry. The Book on the Bookshelf. New York: Knopf, 1999. [Z685 .P48 1999]

Reference Services for Archives and Manuscripts, Laura B. Cohen, ed., Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press, 1997. [CD971 .R373 1997]

Reynolds, Dennis. Library Automation: Issues and Applications. New York: Bowker, 1985. [Z678.9 .R44 1985]

Rosenfeld, Louis, and Peter Morville. Information Architecture for the World Wide Web. 2nd ed. Cambridge, Mass: O'Reilly, 2002. [TK5105.888 .R67 2002]

Rowley, Jennifer, and John Farrow. Organizing Knowledge: An Introduction to Managing Access to Information. 3rd ed. Aldershot, Eng.: Ashgate, 2000.

Sears List of Subject Headings. 18th ed. Joseph Miller, Editor; Joan Goodsell, Associate Editor. New York: H.W. Wilson, 2004. [Z695.Z8 S43 2000]

Shepherd, Elizabeth, and Geoffrey Yeo. Managing Records: A Handbook of Principles and Practice. London: Facet Publishing, 2003.

Smiraglia, Richard P. The Nature of "A Work": Implications for the Organization of Knowledge. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2001. [Z666.5 .S47 2001]

Stoll, Clifford. Silicon Snake Oil: Second Thoughts on the Information Highway. New York: Doubleday, 1995. [QA769 .C66S88 1995]

Svenonius, Elaine. The Intellectual Foundation of Information Organization. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 2000. [Z666.5 .S92 2000]

Taylor, Arlene G. The Organization of Information. 2nd ed. Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited, 2004. [Z666.5 T39 2004]

Taylor, Arlene G. Wynar's Introduction to Cataloging and Classification. Revised 9th ed. with the assistance of David P. Miller. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 2004. [Z693.W94 2004]

Taylor, Arlene G., and Barbara B. Tillett, eds. Authority Control in Organizing and Accessing Information: Definition and International Experience. New York: Haworth Information Press, 2004.

Theory of Subject Analysis: A Sourcebook. Edited by Lois Mai Chan, Phyllis A. Richmond, and Elaine Svenonius. Littleton, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1985. [Z695 .T485 1985]

Weinberg, Bella Hass. Can You Recommend a Good Book on Indexing?: Collected Reviews on the Organization of Information. Medford, NJ: Information Today, 1998. [Z695.9.W4 1998]

Wells, Amy Tracy, Susan Calcari, and Travis Koplow, eds. The Amazing Internet Challenge: How Leading Projects Use Library Skills to Organize the Web. Chicago: American Library Association, 1999. [ZA4080 .W45 1999]

Wilkinson, Frances C. and Connie Capers Thorson. The RFP Process: Effective Management of the Acquiition of Library Materials. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1998. [Z689.5.U6 W55 1998]

World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services. 3rd ed. Chicago: American Library Association, 1993. [Z1006 .W67 1993]

Yee, Martha M., and Sara Shatford Layne. Improving Online Public Access Catalogs. Chicago: American Library Association, 1998. [Z699.35 .C49Y44 1998]



Ahronheim, Judith R. "Descriptive Metadata: Emerging Standards." Journal of Academic Librarianship 24, no. 5 (September 1998): 395-403.

Akeroyd, John, and Andrew Cox. "Integrated Library Management Systems: Overview." Vine 115 (2000): 3-10.

Andresen, Leif. "After MARC -- What Then?" Library Hi Tech 22, no. 1 (January 2004): 41-51.

Arant, Wendi and Leila Payne. "The Common User Interface in Academic Libraries: Myth or Reality?" Library Hi Tech 19, no. 1 (2001): 63-76.

Atherton, Jay. "From Life Cycle to Continuum: Some thoughts on the Records Management-Archives Relationship," Archivaria 21 (Winter 1985-86): 43-51.

Baca, Murtha. "A Picture is Worth a Thousand Words: Metadata for Art Objects and Their Visual Surrogates." In Jones, et al., Cataloging the Web: Metadata, AACR, and MARC 21, pp. 131-138.

Baker, Nicholson. "Discards." New Yorker 70, no. 7 (April 4, 1994): 64-86.

Banerjee, Kyle. "How Does XML Help Libraries?" Computers in Libraries 22, no. 8 (September 2002): 30-34.

Barnett, Patricia J., and Toni Petersen, "Extending MARC to Accommodate Faceted Thesauri: The AAT Model" (in Beyond the Book: Extending MARC for Subject Access, pp. 7-23).

Beheshti, Jamshid. "The Evolving OPAC." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 24, no 1/2 (1997): 163-185.

Berner, Richard C. "Historical Development of Archival Theory and Practices in the United States." Midwestern Archivist 7, no. 2 (1982): 103-117.

Berners-Lee, Tim, James Hendler, and Ora Lassila. "The Semantic Web." Scientific American 284, no. 5 (May 2001): 34-38, 40-43. Also available: http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?articleID=00048144-10D2-1C70-84A9809EC588EF21

Bhatt, G.D. "Knowledge Management in Organizations: Examining the Interactions between Technologies, Techniques, and People." Journal of Knowledge Management 5, no. 1 (2001): 68-75.

Bierbaum, Esther Green. "Records and Access: Museum Registration and Library Cataloging." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 9, no. 1 (1988): 97-111.

Borbinha, José. "Authority Control in the World of Metadata." In the proceedings of International Conference [on] Authority Control: Definition and International Experiences, Florence, Italy, February 12-23, 2003. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 38, no. 3/4 (2004): 105-116; also published in: Authority Control in Organizing and Accessing Information: Definition and International Experience, edited by Arlene G. Taylor and Barbara B. Tillett. New York: Haworth Information Press, 2004, pp. 105-116.

Borgman, Christine L. "Why Are Online Catalogs Still Hard to Use?" Journal of the American Society for Information Science 47, no. 7 (July 1996): 493-503.

Born, Kathleen, and Lee Van Orsdel. "Searching for Serials Utopia." Library Journal 126 (April 15, 2001): 53-58.

Breeding, Marshall. "Automated System Marketplace 2002: Capturing the Migrating Customer." Library Journal 127, no. 6 (2002): 48-60.

Brisson, Roger, and Janet McCue, "Retooling Technical Services," in Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, vol. 58, suppl. 21 (New York: Marcel Dekker, 1996), pp. 281-301.

Buckland, Michael K. "What is a 'Document'?" Journal of the American Society for Information Science 48, no. 9 (September 1997): 804-809. Also available: http://www.sims.berkeley.edu/~buckland/whatdoc.html

Buckland, Michael K., Barbara A. Norgard, and Christian Plaunt. "Filing, Filtering and the First Few Found." Information Technology and Libraries 12, no. 3 (Sept. 1993): 311.-319.

Burke, Frank G. "Archives: Organization and Description." (in World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services, pp. 63-68).

Buttlar, Lois, and Rajinder Garcha. "Catalogers in Academic Libraries: Their Evolving and Expanding Roles." College & Research Libraries 59, no. 4 (July 1998): 311-321.

Cantara, Linda. "METS: The Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 40, no. 3/4 (2005): 237-253.

Carlyle, Allyson. "Fulfilling the Second Objective in the Online Catalog: Schemes for Organizing Author and Work Records into Usable Displays." Library Resources & Technical Services 41, no. 2 (April 1997): 79-100.

Carvalho, Joaquim Ramos de, Maria Ines Cordeiro, Antonio, Lopes, and Miguel Vieira. "Meta-information about MARC: an XML framework for validation, explanation and help systems." Library Hi Tech 22, no. 2 (July 2004): 131-137.

Chepesiuk, Ron. "Organizing the Internet: the 'Core' of the Challenge." American Libraries 30, no. 1 (January 1999): 60-63.

Classification Research Group, " The Need for a Faceted Classification as the Basis of all Methods of Information Retrieval." (in Theory of Subject Analysis ..., pp. 154-167).

Cleyle, Susan. "E-books: Should We Be Afraid?" Serials Librarian 42, no. 3/4 (2002): 281-292.

Coffman, Steve. "Building Earth's Largest Library: Driving into the Future." Searcher 7, no. 3 (March 1999).

Coyle, Karen. "Future Considerations: the Functional Library Systems Record." Library Hi Tech 22, no. 2 (February 2004): 166-174.

Coyle, Karen. "MODS." Computers in Libraries 24, no. 2 (February 2004): 21.

Crawford, Walt. "The Card Catalog and Other Digital Controversies: What's Obsolete and What's Not in the Age of Information." American Libraries 30, no. 1 (January 1999): 52-58.

Dean, Rebecca J. "FAST: Development of Simplified Headings for Metadata." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 39, no. 1/2 (2004): 331-352; also published in: Authority Control in Organizing and Accessing Information: Definition and International Experience, edited by Arlene G. Taylor and Barbara B. Tillett. New York: Haworth Information Press, 2004, pp. 331-352.

Diedrichs, C.P. "Using Automation in Technical Services to Foster Innovation. Journal of Academic Librarianship 24, no. 2 (March 1998): 113-120.

Dixson, Larry E., "Z39.50 and Its Use in Library Systems (Part One)," in ALCTS Newsletter 5, no. 6 (1994), and "Z39.50 and Its Use in Library Systems (Part Two)," in ALCTS Newsletter 6, no. 1 (1995).

Dooley, Jackie M. "Subject Indexing in Context." American Archivist 55 (Spring 1992): 344-354.

Druin, Allison, Benjamin B. Bederson, Juan Pablo Hourcade, Lisa Sherman, Glenda Revelle, Michele Plather, and Stacy Weng. "Designing a Digital Library for Young Children: An Intergenerational Partnership." In Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (1st, Roanoke, Virginia, June 24-28, 2001), pp. 398-405.

Dunkle, Clare B. "Outsourcing the Catalog Department: A Meditation Inspired by the Business and Library Literature." Journal of Academic Librarianship (January 1996): 33-43.

Duranceau, Ellen Finnie. "License Tracking." Serials Review, 26, no. 3 (2000): 69-73.

Eden, Bradford Lee. "Metadata and Librarianship: Will MARC Survive? Library Hi Tech 22, no. 1 (January 2004): 6-7.

"Electronic Systems and Records Management in the Information Age." Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science 23, no. 5 (June/July 1997): entire issue. Most of issue is available at: http://www.asis.org/Bulletin/Jun-97/

El-Sherbini, Magda. "Metadata and the Future of Cataloging." Library Trends 50, no. 1 (2001): 16-27.

Fishbein, Meyer H. "Archives: Records Management and Records Appraisal." (in World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services, pp. 60-63).

Gilbert, John D., and Klugist, Alex C. "Academic Libraries." (in Librarianship and Information Work Worldwide. General editor: Maurice Line. London: Bowker-Saur, 1998), p. 46.

Gladwell, Malcolm. "The Social Life of Paper: Looking for Method in the Mess." The New Yorker (March 25, 2002): 92-96. Also available: http://www.gladwell.com/pdf/paper.pdf

Gorman, Michael. "The Longer the Number, the Smaller the Spine; or, Up and Down with Melvil and Elsie." American Libraries 12 (Sept. 1981): 498-499.

Gross, Tina, and Arlene G. Taylor, "What Have We Got to Lose? The Effect of Controlled Vocabulary on Keyword Searching Results," College & Research Libraries 66, no. 3 (May 2005): 212-230.

Guenther, Rebecca S. "MODS: The Metadata Object Description Schema." Portal: Libraries and the Academy 3, no. 1 (2003): 137-150.

Guenther, Rebecca S. "Using the Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS) for Resource Description: Guidelines and Applications." Library Hi Tech 22, no. 1 (January 2004): 89-98.

Hawks, Carol Pitts. "Expert Systems in Technical Services and Collection Management." Information Technology and Libraries 13, no. 3 (September 1994): 203-212.

Henderson, Albert. "The Library Collection Failure Quotient: The Ratio of Interlibrary Borrowing to Collection Size." Journal of Academic Librarianship 26, no. 3 (May 2000): 159-170.

Hirshon, Arnold, Barbara Winters, and Karen Wilhoit. "A Response to 'Outsourcing Cataloging: The Wright State Experience'." ALCTS Newsletter, 6, no. 2 (1995): 26-28.

Holm, Liv Aasa. "Authority Control in an International Context in the New Environment." International Cataloguing and Bibliographic Control 28, no. 1 (Jan./Mar. 1999): 11-12.

Hopkins, Judith. "The 1791 French Cataloging Code and the Origins of the Card Catalog." Libraries & Culture 27, no.4 (Fall 1992): 378-404.

Howarth, Lynn C. "The Role of the Paraprofessional in Technical Services in Libraries." Library Trends 46, no. 3 (1998): 526-540.

Intner, Sheila S. "Ethics in Cataloging." Technicalities 13, no. 11 (Nov. 1993): 5-8.

Johnson, Bruce Chr. "XML and MARC: Which is 'Right'?" Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 32, no. 1 (2001): 81-90.

"Kane, Laura Townsend. "Access vs. Ownership: Do We Have to Make a Choice? College & Research Libraries 58 (January 1997): 59.

Keith, Corey. "Using XSLT to manipulate MARC metadata." Library Hi Tech 22, no. 2 (July 1, 2004): 122-130.

Kwasnik, Barbara H. "How a Personal Document's Intended Use or Purpose Affects Its Classification in an Office." Proceedings of the 12th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval. New York: ACM, [1989?], pp. 207-210.

Lam, Vin-The. "Organizational and Technical Issues in Providing Access to Electronic Journals." Serials Librarian 39, no. 3 (2001): 25-34.

Lancaster, F. W. "Whither Libraries? or Wither Libraries." College & Research Libraries 39, (Sept. 1978): 345-357; also reprinted in College & Research Libraries 50, no. 4 (July 1989): 406-419.

Lee-Smeltzer, Kuang-Hwei (Janet). "Finding the Needle: Controlled Vocabularies, Resource Discovery, and Dublin Core." Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services 24 (2000): 205-215.

Leise, Fred. "Using Faceted Classification to Assist Indexing." Key Words 9, no. 6 (November/December 2001): 178-179.

Lynch, Clifford A. "Future Developments in Metadata and their Role in Access to Networked Information." In Jones, Wayne, et al., eds. Cataloging the Web, pp. 183-187.

McCallum, Sally H. "An Introduction to the Metadata Object Description Schema." Library Hi Tech 22, no. 1 (January 2004): 82-88.

McCrory, Amy, and Beth M. Russell. "Crosswalking EAD: Collaboration in Archival Description." Information Technology and Libraries 24, no. 3 (September 2005): 99-106.

Miller, David. "Outsourcing Cataloging: The Wright [State] Experience." ALCTS Newsletter, 6, no.1 (1995): 7-8.

Miller, Fredric. "Archival Description" (in Reference Services for Archives and Manuscripts)

Morris, Dilys E., and Gregory Wool. "Cataloging: Librarianship's Best Bargain." Library Journal 124, no. 11 (June 15, 1999): 44-46.

Nash, Lisa, and Aaron Press. "Taxonomies: Structuring Today's Knowledge Management Systems." Information About Information Briefing (Outsell, Inc.) 4, no. 26 (July 18, 2001): 1?18.

Needleman, Mark H. "RDF: The Resource Description Framework." Serials Review 27, no. 1 (December 10, 2001): 58-61.

Oder, Norman. "Cataloging the Net: Can We Do It?" Library Journal 123, no. 16 (October 1, 1998): 47-51.

Oder, Norman. "Cataloging the Net: Two Years Later" Library Journal 125, no. 16 (October 1, 2000): 50-51.

Osborn, Andrew D. "The Crisis in Cataloging." (in Foundations of Cataloging: A Sourcebook, pp. 90-103).

Pettee, Julia. "The Subject Approach to Books and the Development of the Dictionary Catalog." (in Theory of Subject Analysis: A Sourcebook, pp. 94-98).

Pitti, Daniel V. "Creator Description: Encoded Archival Context," In the proceedings of International Conference [on] Authority Control: Definition and International Experiences, Florence, Italy, February 12-23, 2003. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 38, no. 3/4 (2004): 201-226.

Pugh, Mary Jo. "The Illusion of Omniscience: Subject Access and the Reference Archivist." American Archivist 45 (Winter 1982): 33-44.

"Report of the Working Group on Standards for Archival Description." American Archivist 52 (Fall 1989): 440-61.

Robins, David. "Information Architecture, Organizations, and Records Management." Records and Information Management Report 17, no. 3 (2001): 1-14.

Roe, Kathleen. "Enhanced Authority Control: Is It Time?" Archivaria 35 (Spring 1993): 119-129.

Rushoff, Carlen. "Cataloging's Prospects: Responding to Austerity with Innovation." Journal of Academic Librarianship 21, no. 1 (Jan. 1995): 51-57.

Russell, Beth M. "Hidden Wisdom and Unseen Treasure: Revisiting Cataloging in Medieval Libraries." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 26, no. 3 (1998): 21-30.

Schulze, Anna Noakes. "User-Centered Design for Information Professionals." Journal of Education for Library and Information Science 42, no. 2 (Spring 2001): 116-122.

Shorten, Jay, Michele Seikel, and Janet H Ahrberg. "Why Do You Still Use Dewey?: Academic Libraries That Continue with Dewey Decimal Classification." Library Resources & Technical Services 49, no. 2 (April 2005): 123-136.

Smalley, Joseph. "The French Cataloging Code of 1791: A Translation." Library Quarterly 61, no. 1 (January 1991): 1-14.

Soergel, Dagobert. "The Rise of Ontologies or the Reinvention of Classification." Journal of the American Society for Information Science 50, no. 12 (1999): 1119-1120.

Stewart, Ron, Vivek Narendra, and Axel Schmetzke. "Accessibility and Usability of Online Library Databases." Library Hi Tech 23, no. 2 (February 2005): 265-286.

Strout, Ruth French. "The Development of the Catalog and Cataloging Codes." Library Quarterly 26 (October 1956): 254-275.

Taylor, Arlene G. "Cataloguing." (in World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services, pp. 177-181).

Taylor, Arlene G. "The Information Universe: Will We Have Chaos or Control?" American Libraries, 25, no. 7 (July/August 1994): 629-632. Also available: http://www.pitt.edu/~agtaylor/articles/TaylorInfoUniv.pdf

Taylor, Arlene G. "On the Subject of Subjects." Journal of Academic Librarianship 21, no. 6 (Nov. 1995): 484-491. Also available: http://www.pitt.edu/~agtaylor/articles/taylor_subjectofsubjects.pdf

Tennant, Roy. "A Bibliographic Metadata Infrastructure for the Twenty-first Century." Library Hi Tech 22, no. 2 (February 2004): 175-181.

Tennant, Roy. "Metadata As If Libraries Depended on It." Library Journal 127, no. 7 (April 15, 2002): 32-33.

Tillett, Barbara B. "Authority Control: State of the Art and New Perspectives." In the proceedings of International Conference [on] Authority Control: Definition and International Experiences, Florence, Italy, February 12-23, 2003. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 38, no. 3/4 (2004): 23-41; also published in: Authority Control in Organizing and Accessing Information: Definition and International Experience, edited by Arlene G. Taylor and Barbara B. Tillett. New York: Haworth Information Press, 2004, pp. 23-41.

Tillett, Barbara B. "Bibliographic Relationships." In Relationships in the Organization of Knowledge. Edited by Carole A. Bean and Rebecca Green. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001, pp. 9-35.

Tillett, Barbara B. "Problems and Solutions in Cataloging Electronic Resources." International Cataloguing and Bibliographic Control 29, no. 1 (January/March 2000): 14-15.

Vellucci, Sherry L. "Future Catalogers: Essential Colleagues or Anachronisms?" College & Research Library News 7 (1996): 442-443.

Vellucci, Sherry L. "Herding Cats: Options for Organizing Electronic Resources." Internet Reference Services Quarterly 1, no. 4 (1996): 9-30.

Vellucci, Sherry L. "Metadata and Authority Control." Library Resources & Technical Services 44, no. 1 (January 2000): 33-43.

Vellucci, Sherry L. "Options for Organizing Electronic Resources: the Coexistence of Metadata." Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science 24, no. 1 (October/November 1997): 14-17.

Vickery, B.C. "Ontologies." Journal of Information Science 23, no. 4 (1997): 277-286.

Wakimoto, J. C., and G.R. Hsiung, "Blurring the Boundaries Between Professional and Para-professional Catalogers at California State University, Northridge." Library Collections, Acquisitions & Technical Services 24 (2000): 171-188.

Weinberg, Bella Hass. "Exhaustivity of Indexes: Books Journals, and Electronic Full Text." Key Words 7, no. 5 (September/October 1999): 1, 6-19.

Weldon, J. L. "A Career in Data Modeling." Byte 22, no. 6 (June 1997): 103-106.

Wellish, Hans H. "Aboutness and Selection of Topics." Key Words 4, no. 2 (Mar./Apr. 1996): 7-9.

Wilson, Patrick. "The Catalog as Access Mechanism: Background and Concepts." (in Foundations of Cataloging: A Sourcebook, pp. 253-268).

Wool, Gregory J. "Bibliographical Metadata; or, We Need a Client-Server Cataloging Code!" In Finding Common Ground: Creating the Library of the Future without Diminishing the Library of the Past. Edited by Cheryl LaGuardia and Barbara S. Mitchell. New York: Neal-Schuman, 1998, pp. 398-401.

Wool, Gregory J. "A Meditation on Metadata." The Serials Librarian 33, no. 1/2 (1998): 167-178.

Wusteman, Judith. "About XML: Whither HTML?" Library Hi Tech 22, no. 1 (January 2004): 99-105.

Yott, Patrick. "Introduction to XML." Cataloging & Classification Quarterly 40, no. 3/4 (2005): 213-235.

Zyroff, Ellen. "Cataloging is a Prime Number." American Libraries 27, no. 5 (May 1996): 47-48, 50.


Web Resources

ALA/ALCTS/CCS Committee on Cataloging: Description and Access. Task Force on Metadata and the Cataloging Rules. "Metadata and the Cataloging Rules." 1998. http://www.libraries.psu.edu/tas/jca/ccda/tf-tei2.html

ALA/ALCTS/CCS Committee on Cataloging: Description and Access. The Future of AACR (April 2003). http://www.libraries.psu.edu/tas/jca/ccda/future1.html

Baca, Murtha, ed. Introduction to Metadata: Pathways to Digital Information. Version 2.0, 2000. http://www.getty.edu/research/institute/standards/intrometadata/

Baca, Murtha, Patricia Harpring, Elisa Lanzi, Linda McRae, Ann Baird Whiteside. Cataloguing Cultural Objects: A Guide to Describing Cultural Works and Their Images. http://www.vraweb.org/CCOweb/index.html

Barnhart, Linda. "Access Control Records: Prospects and Challenges." in Authority Control in the 21st Century, Invitational Conference, March 31-April 1, 1996. http://digitalarchive.oclc.org/da/ViewObject.jsp?fileid=0000003520:000000091779&reqid=1268

Bray, Tim. "What is RDF?" January 24, 2001. http://www.xml.com/pub/a/2001/01/24/rdf.html

Bryan, Martin. "An Introduction to the Extensible Markup Language (XML)." http://www.is-thought.co.uk/xmlintro.htm

Bryan, Martin. "An Introduction to the Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)." The SGML Centre, 1992. http://www.isgmlug.org/sgmlhelp/bryan.htm

Burnard, Lou, and C. M. Sperberg-McQueen. TEI Lite: An Introduction to Text Encoding for Interchange. June 1995, revised May 2002. Available: http://www.tei-c.org/Lite/

Bush, Vannevar. "As We May Think." Atlantic Monthly 176 (July 1945): 101-108. http://www.theatlantic.com/unbound/flashbks/computer/bushf.htm. Also available: http://www.ps.uni-sb.de/~duchier/pub/vbush/vbush.shtml

Calhoun, Karen, and Bill Kara. "Aggregation or Aggravation? Optimizing Access to Full-Text Journals." (in From Catalog to Gateway: Briefings from the CFFC, paper no. 15). ALCTS Newsletter Online 11, no. 1 (Spring 2000): http://www.pitt.edu/~agtaylor/ala/papers/CalhounAggregation.pdf

Chen, Hao, and Susan Dumais. "Bringing Order to the Web: Automatically Categorizing Search Results." Microsoft Research Publications, 2000. http://research.microsoft.com/~sdumais/chi00.pdf

Clayton, Mark, "Library Stacks? No, That's My Office." Christian Science Monitor (July 16, 2002). http://www.csmonitor.com/2002/0716/p16s01-lehl.html

Cumming, Maewyn. "Tomatoes Are Not the Only Fruit: A Rough Guide to Taxonomies, Thesauri, Ontologies and the Like." [Document created for the British e-Government Unit, CabinetOffice, April 2005.] Available: http://www.govtalk.gov.uk/documents/Tomatoes%20are%20not%20the%20only%20fruit%202005-05.pdf

CIMI XML Schema for SPECTRUM. http://www.cimi.org/wg/xml_spectrum/

Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (CSDGM). Version 2. http://www.fgdc.gov/metadata/contstan.html

Crawford, Walt. "Gutting America's Local Libraries: Informal Comments on 'Building Earth's Largest Library'." (August 1999). http://home.att.net/~wcc.libmedx/gutting.htm

Day, Michael. Metadata: Mapping Between Metadata Formats. Last updated 22 May 2002. http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/interoperability

Digital Library Technology Trends. Santa Clara, Calif.: Sun Microsystems, 2002. http://www.sun.com/products-n-solutions/edu/whitepapers/pdf/digital_library_trends.pdf

Dillon, Andrew. "Information Architecture in JASIST: Just Where Did We Come From?" Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 53, no. 10 (2002): 821-823. Also available: http://www.gslis.utexas.edu/~adillon/publications/jasisintro.pdf

"Dublin Core Metadata Initiative." http://dublincore.org/

"Electronic Collections Development." http://www.library.yale.edu/~okerson/ecd.html

"Encoded Archival Description (EAD) DTD." Version 2002. http://lcweb.loc.gov/ead/

Farb, Sharon. "Universal Design and the Americans with Disabilities Act: Not All Systems Are Created Equal--How Systems Design Can Expand Information Access." (in From Catalog to Gateway: Briefings from the CFFC, paper no. 16). ALCTS Newsletter Online 11, no. 1 (Spring 2000): http://www.pitt.edu/~agtaylor/ala/papers/FarbUniversalDesign.pdf

"FGDC Metadata." http://www.fgdc.gov/metadata/metadata.html

Fox, Michael J., and Peter Wilkerson. "Introduction to Archival Organization and Description: Access to Cultural Heritage." The Getty Information Institute, 1998. http://www.schistory.org/getty/index.html

Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records, Final Report. IFLA Study Group on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. München: K.G. Saur, 1998. Also available: http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.htm or http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.pdf

Furrie, Betty. Understanding MARC Bibliographic: Machine-Readable Cataloging. 7th ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, Cataloging Distribution Service, 2003. http://www.loc.gov/marc/umb/

Gaynor, Edward. "From MARC to Markup: SGML and Online Library Systems." ALCTS Newsletter 7, no. 2 (1995): A-D. Also available: (archival copy: http://xml.coverpages.org/gaynorMARC96.html)

Getty. Art & Architecture Thesaurus On Line. http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/

Getty. Art & Architecture Thesaurus On Line: About the AAT. 2000. http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/aat/about.html

Getty. Vocabulary Databases. http://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabulary/

Gilliland-Swetland, Anne J. "Setting the Stage." In Introduction to Metadata, edited by Murtha Baca. 2000. http://www.getty.edu/research/institute/standards/intrometadata/2_articles/index.html

"Guidelines for Cataloging VIVA Electronic Collections." http://viva.lib.virginia.edu/vivacat/guidelines.html

Heery, Rachel, and Manjula Patel. "Application Profiles: Mixing and Matching Metadata Schemes." Ariadne 25 (24 Sept. 2000): http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/app-profiles/intro.html

Hemmasi, Harriette, David Miller, and Mary Charles Lasater; edited by Arlene G.Taylor. Access to Form Data in Online Catalogs. (in From Catalog to Gateway: Briefings from the CFFC, paper no. 13). ALCTS Newsletter Online 10, no. 4 (July 1999): http://www.pitt.edu/~agtaylor/ala/papers/HemmasiFormData.pdf

Hickey, Thom. "Why Our Catalogs Don't Work." September 16, 2005. http://outgoing.typepad.com/outgoing/2005/09/why_our_catalog.html

IFLA. Digital Libraries: Metadata Resources. http://www.ifla.org/II/metadata.htm (This is essentially a bibliography. Look through it to see what kinds of resources are available. Choose a few to look at.)

"Integrated Library System Reports: Sample RFPs." http://www.ilsr.com/sample.htm

"ISBD(G): General International Standard Bibliographic Description." Annotated text; rev. ed. International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions, 1992. http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/pubs/isbdg0.htm

Jacob, Elin K. "Ontologies and the Semantic Web." Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 29, no. 4 (April/May 2003): 19-22. Available online: http://www.asis.org/Bulletin/Apr-03/BulletinAprMay03.pdf

Kelly, Brian. "What Is... XML?" Last updated 18 May 1998. http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue15/what-is/

Koch, Traugott. Controlled Vocabularies, Thesauri and Classification Systems Available in the WWW. DC Subject. Last update: 2001-09-27. http://www.lub.lu.se/metadata/subject-help.html

Koch, Traugott. "The Role of Classification Schemes in Internet Resource Description and Discovery." http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/desire/classification/class_ti.htm

Kornegay, Becky, Heidi Buchanan, and Hiddy Morgan. "Amazing, Magic Searches!: Subdivisions Combine the Precision of the Cataloger with the Freewheeling Style of a Googler." Library Journal (November 1, 2005): http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6277396.html

Lagoze, Carl. "Accommodating Simplicity and Complexity in Metadata: Lessons from the Dublin Core Experience." Presented at Seminar on Metadata Organized by Archiefschool, Netherlands Institute for Archival Education and Research, June 8, 2000. http://www.cs.cornell.edu/lagoze/Papers/dc.pdf

Levy, David M. "Cataloging in the Digital Order." In Digital Libraries '95: the Second Annual Conference on the Theory and Practice of Digital Libraries, June 11-13, 1995, Austin, Texas. http://www.csdl.tamu.edu/DL95/papers/levy/levy.html

"LibLicense: Licensing Digital Information: A Resource for Librarians" http://www.library.yale.edu/~llicense/index.shtml

Library of Congress. Gateway to Library Catalogs: Z39.50. http://lcweb.loc.gov/z3950/gateway.html

Library of Congress. Manuscript Division Finding Aids Online. http://lcweb.loc.gov/rr/mss/f-aids/mssfa.html

Library of Congress. "MARC in XML." Network Development and MARC Standards Office, Library of Congress. Washington, DC: Library of Congress. http://www.loc.gov/marc/marcxml.html

Library of Congress, Network Development and MARC Standards Office. "Dublin Core/MARC/GILS Crosswalk." http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/dccross.html

Library of Congress, Network Development and MARC Standards Office.Dublin Core Metadata Element Set Mapping to MODS Version 2.0. March 31, 2003. Available: http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/dcsimple-mods.html

Lynch, Clifford. "The Battle to Define the Future of the Book in the Digital World." First Monday 6, issue 6 (June 2001). http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue6_6/lynch/index.html

Mann, Thomas. "Research at Risk." Library Journal (July 15, 2005). http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA623006.html

"The MARC 21 Formats: Background and Principles." Prepared by MARBI in conjunction with Network Development and MARC Standards Office, Library of Congress. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1996. http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/96principl.html

McKiernan, Gerry. "Beyond Bookmarks: Schemes for Organizing the Web." http://www.public.iastate.edu/~CYBERSTACKS/CTW.htm

MDA. SPECTRUM Revised Edition - FAQ. http://www.mda.org.uk/specfaq.htm

"Metadata Standards, Crosswalks, and Standard Organizations." In Cataloger's Toolbox (Memorial University of Newfoundland Libraries). Last revised: 19 June 2003. http://staff.library.mun.ca/staff/toolbox/standards.htm

Miller, Paul. "Z39.50 for all," Ariadne 21 (September 20, 1999): http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue21/z3950/

Milstead, Jessica, and Susan Feldman. "Metadata: Cataloging by Any Other Name" and "Metadata Projects and Standards." Online (Jan. 1999): http://www.cbuc.es/5digital/1.pdf

Moen, William E. "Resource Discovery Using Z39.50: Promise and Reality." Paper written for the Bicentennial Conference on Bibliographic Control for the New Millennium, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., November 15-17, 2000. http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/bibcontrol/moen_paper.html

National Center for Supercomputing Applications. "A Beginner's Guide to HTML." Last updated January 24, 2001. http://archive.ncsa.uiuc.edu/General/Internet/WWW/HTMLPrimer.html

National Library of Medicine. Fact Sheet: Medical Subject Headings (MeSH®). Last updated 27 May 2005. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/factsheets/mesh.html

National Library of Medicine. Fact Sheet: UMLS® Metathesaurus®. Last updated 22 November 2004. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/factsheets/umlsmeta.html

National Library of Medicine. "PubMed." http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi

Noy, Natalya F., and Deborah L. McGuinness, Ontology Development 101: A Guide to Creating Your First Ontology (Knowledge Systems Laboratory, Stanford University, 2000). http://www.ksl.stanford.edu/people/dlm/papers/ontology-tutorial-noy-mcguinness-abstract.html

OCLC. Bibliographic Formats and Standards. 3rd ed. c2002. http://www.oclc.org/bibformats

OCLC. "OCLC Connexion." http://www.oclc.org/connexion/ for information, or http://connexion.oclc.org/ to actually search WorldCat or the Authority File.

OCLC. "Connexion: Searching WorldCat Quick Reference." http://www.oclc.org/support/documentation/worldcat/searching/refcard/

OCLC. "OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc." http://www.oclc.org/home/

O'Neill, Edward T., and Lois Mai Chan. "FAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology): A Simplified LCSH-Based Vocabulary." World Library and Information Congress: 69th IFLA General Conference and Council, 1-9 August 2003, Berlin. http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla69/papers/010e-ONeill_Mai-Chan.pdf

"ONIX for Books." http://www.editeur.org/onix.html

OWL Web Ontology Language Overview, W3C Recommendation 10 February 2004. http://www.w3.org/TR/owl-features/

"Principles for Licensing Electronic Resources" http://www.arl.org/scomm/licensing/principles.html

Program for Cooperative Cataloging. "About the PCC." http://www.loc.gov/catdir/pcc/2001pcc.html

Program for Cooperative Cataloging. "Introduction to the Program for Cooperative Cataloging BIBCO Core Record Standard." http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/pcc/bibco/coreintro.html

RDA - Resource Description and Access: A Prospectus. Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR, 27 July 2005. http://www.collectionscanada.ca/jsc/rdaprospectus.html or http://www.collectionscanada.ca/jsc/docs/5rda-prospectus.pdf

"RDF Primer: W3C Recommendation 10 February 2004" http://www.w3.org/TR/rdf-primer/

"RDF Tools." (UKOLN) http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/events/seminars/what-is-rdf-may1998/briefing-plain.html

RLG. "Descriptive Metadata Guidelines for RLG Cultural Materials" http://www.rlg.org/en/page.php?Page_ID=214

RLG. [home page]. http://www.rlg.org/

RLG Union Catalog. http://www.rlg.org/en/page.php?Page_ID=174&dataGo.x=14&dataGo.y=12

Snowden, Dave. "Complex Acts of Knowing: Paradox and Descriptive Self-Awareness." Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 29, no. 4 (April/May 2003): 23-28. http://www.asis.org/Bulletin/Apr-03/BulletinAprMay03.pdf (This version is extracted and condensed from one that first appeared in Journal of Knowledge Management 6, no 2 (May 2003): 100-111.

Steckel, Mike. "Ranganathan for IAs: An Introduction to the Thought of S.R. Ranganathan for Information Architects." Boxes and Arrows (October 7, 2002): http://www.boxesandarrows.com/archives/ranganathan_for_ias.php

Taylor, Arlene G. "Authority Control: Where It's Been and Where It's Going." In Authority Control: Why It Matters, [conference held at] College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA, sponsored by the NELINET Cataloging and Technical Services Advisory Committee, November 1, 1999. http://www.nelinet.net/edserv/conf/cataloging/cts/1999/taylor.htm

"Ten Taxonomy Myths," Montague Institute Review (November 2002; updated April 29, 2003). http://www.montague.com/review/myths.html

Tennant, Roy. "Metadata's Bitter Harvest," Library Journal (July 15, 2004). http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA434443

"Text Encoding Initiative." http://www.tei-c.org/

Thiele, Harold. "The Dublin Core and Warwick Framework: a Review of the Literature, March 1995-September 1997." D-Lib Magazine (January 1998). http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january98/01thiele.html

Tillett, Barbara B. "Authority Control on the Web." Paper written for the Bicentennial Conference on Bibliographic Control for the New Millennium, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., November 15-17, 2000. http://lcweb.loc.gov/catdir/bibcontrol/tillett_paper.html

UDC Consortium. "About Universal Decimal Classification and the UDC Consortium." http://www.udcc.org/about.htm

Understanding Metadata. Bethesda, MD: National Information Standards Organization, c2004. http://www.niso.org/standards/resources/UnderstandingMetadata.pdf

"U.S. Federal GILS" http://www.gils.net/intro.html

"User Guidelines for Dublin Core Creation." Version 1.0 1997-05-29. Last update: 1999-11-22. http://www.sics.se/~preben/DC/DC_guide.html

"The Value of Metadata" http://www.fgdc.gov/publications/documents/metadata/metabroc.html

Visual Resources Association. Data Standards Committee. VRA Core Categories. Version 3.0. Last modified 2/20/2002. http://www.vraweb.org/vracore3.htm

Vizine-Goetz, Diane. "Using Library Classification Schemes for Internet Resources." Last edited 11/23/1999. http://staff.oclc.org/~vizine/Intercat/vizine-goetz.htm

Warner, Amy J. A Taxonomy Primer. Lexonomy, 2002. http://www.lexonomy.com/publications/aTaxonomyPrimer.html

Watson, Mark. "Top Five Reasons Why Library Administrators Should Support Participation in the Program for Cooperative Cataloging." http://www.loc.gov/catdir/pcc/topfive.html

W3C. "Frequently Asked Questions About RDF." http://www.w3.org/RDF/FAQ

W3C. " Metadata Activity Statement" [explanation of RDF] http://www.w3.org/Metadata/Activity.html

"What is a Neural Network?" NeuroDimension, Inc., 2002. http://www.nd.com/welcome/whatisnn.htm

"WordNet®" http://www.cogsci.princeton.edu/~wn/

Wyllys, R. E. "Information Architecture." [Reading prepared for] Information Technologies and the Information Profession, Graduate School of Library & Information Science, University of Texas at Austin, 2000, last updated 2003 June 28. http://www.ischool.utexas.edu/~wyllys/ITIPMaterials/InfoArchitecture.html

Yee, Martha M., "Guidelines for OPAC Displays," (in From Catalog to Gateway: Briefings from the CFFC, paper no. 14). ALCTS Newsletter Online, 10, no. 6 (December 1999): http://www.pitt.edu/~agtaylor/ala/papers/YeeOPACGuidelines.pdf