Guangala fishers and farmers cover
Memoirs in Latin American Archaeology, No. 15
University of Pittsburgh Latin American Archaeology Publications and Plural Editores (La Paz)
2005. 125 pp. ISBN: 1-877812-64-1

Wankarani Settlement Systems in Evolutionary Perspective: A Study in Early Village-Based Society and Long-Term Cultural Evolution in the South-Central Andean Altiplano

Los sistemas de asentamientos Wankarani desde una perspectiva evolutiva: Estudio de una sociedad temprana basada en la aldea y su evolución cultural en el sur del altiplano central andino

by / por Timothy L. McAndrews

McAndrews presents the results of a regional settlement study to argue that the emergence of highly nucleated early Wankarani villages can be attributed to concentration of highly productive land for a mixed farming-herding economy, defense, and labor pooling. There is little evidence of exotic imported goods, but some indication of small-scale village specialization and economic interdependence. Regional centralization and settlement hierarchy were absent. Instead of continuing to exist in this mode or developing more complex patterns of sociopolitical organization, Wankarani village society was replaced by small, mobile communities, more focused on herding, probably as an adaptation to drying climatic conditions and the disappearance of riverine resources that may have had considerable importance in Wankarani subsistence. The full regional settlement dataset is available online to complement the volume. Complete text in English and Spanish.

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