University of Pittsburgh

Journal Articles

  1. B. Wang, T. Gao, Z. Zhou, P Bradley, and P. W. Leu, "Frontside scattering structures for enhanced performance in flexible ultrathin crystalline silicon solar cells," Journal of Photonics for Energy, vol. 8, no. 3, Sep 2018
  2. S. Haghanifar, P. Lu, M. I. Kayes, S. Tan, K.-J. Kim, T. Gao, P. Ohodnicki, and P. W. Leu, "Self-cleaning, high transmission, near unity haze OTS/silica nanostructured glass," Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Aug 2018
  3. S. Haghanifar, R. T. Rodriguez De Vecchis, K.-J. Kim, J. Wuenschell, S. P. Sharma, P. Lu, P. Ohodnicki, and P. W. Leu, "Flexible nanograss with highest combination of transparency and haze for optoelectronic plastic substrates," Nanotechnology, July 2018
  4. M. I. Kayes, A. Galante, N. A. Stella, S. Haghanifar, R. M. Q. Shanks, and P. W. Leu, "Stable lotus leaf-inspired hierarchical, fluorinated polypropylene surfaces for reduced bacterial adhesion," Reactive and Functional Polymers, Apr 2018
  5. T. B. Nguyen, D. Liu, M. I. Kayes, B. Wang, N. Rashin, P. W. Leu, and T. Tran, "Critical heat flux enhancement in pool boiling through increased rewetting on nanopillar array surfaces," Scientific Reports, vol. 8, no. 1, p 4815, Mar 2018
  6. T. Gao, S. Haghanifar, M. G. Lindsay, P. Lu, M. I. Kayes, B. D. Pafchek, Z. Zhou, P. R. Ohodnicki, and P. W. Leu, "Fundamental performance limits and haze evaluation of metal nanomesh transparent conductors," Advanced Optical Materials, Mar 2018
  7. S. Haghanifar, T. Gao, R. T. Rodriguez de Vecchis, B. Pafchek, and P. W. Leu, "Ultrahigh-transparency, ultrahigh-haze nanograss glass with fluid-induced switchable haze," Optica, vol. 4, no. 12, p 1522-1525, Dec 2017

  8. P.-S. Huang, F. Qin, Z. Xiong, H. Shim, T. Gao, P. W. Leu, and J.-K. Lee, "Novel carrier doping mechanism for transparent conductor: electron donation from embedded Ag nanoparticles to the oxide matrix," ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, May 2017

  9. T. Gao, B. Wang, and P. W. Leu, "Plasmonic nanomesh sandwiches for ultrathin film silicon solar cells," Journal of Optics, vol. 19, no. 2, Dec 2016

  10. B. Wang, K. P. Chen, and P. W. Leu, "Engineering inverse woodpile and woodpile photonic crystal solar cells for light trapping," Nanotechnology, vol. 27, no. 22, p 225404, Apr 2016

  11. B. Wang, T. Gao, and P. W. Leu, "Broadband light absorption enhancement in ultrathin film crystalline silicon solar cells with high index of refraction nanosphere arrays," Nano Energy, vol. 19, pp 471-475, Jan 2016

  12. T. Gao, P.-S. Huang, J.-K. Lee, and P. W. Leu, "Hierarchical metal nanomesh/microgrid structures for high performance transparent electrodes," RSC Advances, vol. 5, Issue 87, pp 70713-70717, Aug 2015

  13. B. Wang and P. W. Leu," "High index of refraction nanosphere coatings for light trapping in crystalline silicon thin film solar cells," Nano Energy, vol. 13, pp 226-232, Apr 2015  

  14. T. Gao, Z. Li, P.-S. Huang, G. J. Shenoy, D. Parobek, S. Tan, J-K. Lee, H. Lee, and P. W. Leu, "Hierarchical graphene/metal grid structures for stable, flexible transparent conductors," ACS Nano, vol. 9, Issue 5, pp 5440-5446, Apr 2015

  15. A. Yan, Z. L. Poole, R. Chen, P. W. Leu, P. Ohodnicki, and K. P. Chen, "Scalable fabrication of metal oxide functional materials and their applications in high-temperature optical sensing," Journal of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, vol. 67, Issue 1, pp 58-58, Jan 2015

  16. M. I. Kayes and P. W. Leu, "Comparative study of absorption in tilted silicon nanowire arrays for photovoltaics," Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 9, Issue 1, Nov 2014

  17. B. Ding, T. Gao, D. Waldeck, P. W. Leu, and J.-K. Lee, "Synergistic effect of surface plasmonic particles in PbS/TiO2 heterojunction solar cells," Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 128, pp. 386-93, Sep 2014

  18. T. Gao, E. Stevens, J.-K. Lee and P. W. Leu, "Designing metal hemispheres on silicon ultrathin film solar cells for plasmonic light trapping," Optics Letters, vol. 39, Issue 16, pp. 4647-4650, Aug 2014

  19. T. Gao, B. Wang, B. Ding, J.-K. Lee, and P. W. Leu, "Uniform and ordered copper nanomeshes by microsphere lithography for transparent electrodes," Nano Letters, 14 (4), pp. 2105-10, Mar 2014.

  20. B. Wang, E. Stevens, and P. W. Leu, "Strong broadband absorption in GaAs nanocone and nanowire arrays for solar cells," Optics Express, vol. 22, Issue S2, pp. A386-395, 2014

  21. B. Hua, B. Wang, M. Yu, P. W. Leu, and Z. Fan, "Rational geometrical design of multi-diameter nanopillars for efficient light harvesting," Nano Energy, vol. 2, Issue 5, pp. 951-957, Sep 2013

  22. T. Gao and P. W. Leu, "Copper nanowire arrays for transparent electrodes," Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 114, Issue 6, pp. 063107-063107-6, Aug 2013

  23. T. Gao and P. W. Leu, "The role of propagating modes in silver nanowire arrays for transparent electrodes," Optics Express, vol. 21, Issue S3, pp. A419-A429, May 2013

  24. B. Wang and P. W. Leu, "Tunable and selective resonant absorption in vertical nanowires," Optics Letters, vol. 37, Issue 18, pp. 3756-3758, Sep. 2012

  25. B. Wang, T. Gao, and P. W. Leu, "Computational simulations of nanostructured solar cells," Nano Life, vol. 02, Issue 02, June 2012

  26. B. Wang and P. W. Leu, “Enhanced absorption in silicon nanocone arrays for photovoltaics,” Nanotechnology, vol. 23, no. 19, p. 194003, May 2012.

  27. H. Ko, K. Takei, R. Kapadia, S. Chuang, H. Fang, P. W. Leu, K. Ganapathi, E. Plis, H. S. Kim, S. Chen, M. Madsen, A. C. Ford, Y. Chueh, S. Krishna, S. Salahuddin, and A. Javey, “Ultrathin compound semiconductor on insulator layers for high-performance nanoscale transistors,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7321, pp. 286–289, Nov. 2010.

  28. K. Takei, T. Takahashi, J. C. Ho, H. Ko, A. G. Gillies, P. W. Leu, R. S. Fearing, and A. Javey, “Nanowire active-matrix circuitry for low-voltage macroscale artificial skin,” Nature Materials, vol. 9, no. 10, pp. 821-6, Sep. 2010.
  29. Z. Fan, R. Kapadia, P. W. Leu, X. Zhang, Y. Chueh, K. Takei, K. Yu, A. Jamshidi, A. A. Rathore, D. J. Ruebusch, M. Wu, and A. Javey, “Ordered arrays of dual-diameter nanopillars for maximized optical absorption,” Nano Letters, May 2010. 

  30. P. C. McIntyre, H. Adhikari, I. A. Goldthorpe, S. Hu, P. W. Leu, A. F. Marshall, and C. E. D. Chidsey, “Group IV semiconductor nanowire arrays: epitaxy in different contexts,” Semiconductor Science and Technology, vol. 25, no. 2, p. 024016, Feb. 2010. 
  32. Z. Fan, D. Ruebusch, A. Rathore, R. Kapadia, O. Ergen, P. W. Leu, and A. Javey, “Challenges and prospects of nanopillar-based solar cells,” Nano Research, vol. 2, no. 11, pp. 829–843, Nov. 2009. 
  34. S. Hu, P. W. Leu, A. F. Marshall, and P. C. McIntyre, “Single-crystal germanium layers grown on silicon by nanowire seeding,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 649–653, Oct. 2009. 
  36. J. C. Ho, A. C. Ford, Y. Chueh, P. W. Leu, O. Ergen, K. Takei, G. Smith, P. Majhi, J. Bennett, and A. Javey, “Nanoscale doping of InAs via sulfur monolayers,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 95, no. 7, pp. 072 108–3, Aug. 2009. 
  38. Z. Fan, H. Razavi, J. won Do, A. Moriwaki, O. Ergen, Y. Chueh, P. W. Leu, J. C. Ho, T. Takahashi, L. A. Reichertz, S. Neale, K. Yu, M. Wu, J. W. Ager, and A. Javey, “Three-dimensional nanopillar-array photovoltaics on low-cost and flexible substrates,” Nature Materials, vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 648–653, July 2009. 
  40. H. Ko, J. Lee, B. E. Schubert, Y. Chueh, P. W. Leu, R. S. Fearing, and A. Javey, “Hybrid core-shell nanowire forests as self-selective chemical connectors,” Nano Letters, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 2054–2058, May 2009. 

  41. M. Koto, P. W. Leu, and P. C. McIntyre, “Vertical germanium nanowire arrays in microfluidic channels for charged molecule detection,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 156, no. 2, pp. K11–K16, Feb. 2009.  

  42. P. W. Leu, H. Adhikari, M. Koto, K. Kim, P. de Rouffignac, A. F. Marshall, R. G. Gordon, C. E. D. Chidsey, and P. C. McIntyre, “Oxide-encapsulated vertical germanium nanowire structures and their DC transport properties,” Nanotechnology, vol. 19, no. 48, p. 485705, Nov. 2008. 
  44. P. W. Leu, A. Svizhenko, and K. Cho, “Ab initio calculations of the mechanical and electronic properties of strained Si nanowires,” Physical Review B, vol. 77, no. 23, p. 235305, Jun. 2008. 
  46. A. Svizhenko, P. W. Leu, and K. Cho, “Effect of growth orientation and surface roughness on electron transport in silicon nanowires,” Physical Review B, vol. 75, no. 12, p. 125417, Mar. 2007. 
  48. P. W. Leu, B. Shan, and K. Cho, “Surface chemical control of the electronic structure of silicon nanowires: Density functional calculations,” Physical Review B, vol. 73, no. 19, p. 195320, May 2006.