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Edelwich descirbes this process as a progressive loss of idealism, energy, and purpose that occurs thorugh five stages of disillusionment. Their first stage of enthusiasm is when workers are new to a job. Their energy levels are high and their expectaions are unrealistic. The stage stagnation occurs when workers still doibg their jobs, but are becoming detached from them. The third stage frustration begins when workers question their own effectiveness and the value of the job. Apathy serves to defend against this frustration. Interventions can occur at any stage to prevent ot treat burnout (8).