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::: center home >> events >> lunchtime >> 2005-06 >> abstracts

Tuesday, 21 March 2006
Modeling in Philosophy of Science
Stephan Hartmann,
of Economics & UC Irvine
12:05 pm,
817R Cathedral of Learning

Abstract:  Models are a principal instrument of modern science.  They are built, tested, compared, and revised in the laboratory, and subsequently, introduced, applied and interpreted in an expansive literature.  Throughout this talk, I will argue that models are also a valuable tool for the philosopher of science.  In particular, I will discuss how the methodology of Bayesian Networks can elucidate two central problems in the philosophy of science.      

The first thesis I will explore is the variety-of-evidence thesis, which argues that the more varied the supporting evidence, the greater the degree of confirmation for a given hypothesis.  However, when investigated using Bayesian methodology, this thesis turns out not to be sacrosanct.  In fact, under certain conditions, a hypothesis receives more confirmation from evidence that is obtained from one rather than more instruments, and from evidence that confirms one rather than more testable consequences of the hypothesis.    

The second challenge that I will investigate is scientific theory change.  This application highlights a different virtue of modeling methodology.  In particular, I will argue that Bayesian modeling illustrates how two seemingly unrelated aspects of theory change, namely the (Kuhnian) stability of (normal) science and the ability of anomalies to over turn that stability and lead to theory change, are in fact united by a single underlying principle, in this case, coherence. 

In the end, I will argue that these two examples bring out some metatheoretical reflections regarding the following questions: What are the differences between modeling in science and modeling in philosophy?  What is the scope of the modeling method in philosophy?  And what does this imply for our understanding of Bayesianism? 

Stephan Hartmann will present “Unification and Coherence”at Carnegie Mellon University, Thursday, March 23, 4:30, A 53 Baker Hall

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Revised 3/6/08 - Copyright 2006